Western style flower arrangement has the characteristics of Western art. Its shape is relatively neat, and it is mostly composed of geometric figures, paying attention to symmetry and balance, strong colors, more materials, and densely inserted. The selected flower materials have a certain etiquette meaning. Western-style flower arrangements are usually bright and bright, with regular patterns. One of the characteristics of Western-style flower arrangement is the large amount of flowers and the rich colors.
The Principles and Artistic Features of Western Flower Arrangement
Western flower arrangement pays attention to geometric modeling. The following discusses its principles and artistic characteristics in four aspects: balance, harmony, rhythm and artistic conception:
Balance is the sense of stability of the work, which can be divided into symmetrical balance and asymmetrical balance. Because Western flower arrangement is a regular geometric composition, the problem of equilibrium is easy to solve.
Due to the large amount of western flower arrangement, it is easy to become top-heavy and lose the sense of balance. Therefore, wide-mouth containers with large volume and heavy texture, such as ceramics and metal materials, are often used. Big pile flower arrangement and table flower arrangement often use a few large flowers in the middle and lower part or some filamentous, spike-like leaves and other appendages (such as conifers) in the base. Use the nature and elegance of the appendages to highlight the key points and achieve a balanced and stable effect.
Reconciliation has both contrast and change, giving people a sense of harmony and unity. The harmony of flower arrangement includes between flower material, flower material and flowerware, work and environment, etc. Here we mainly discuss the problem of harmony between flower material. The main factors that affect the harmony of flower material are shape and color, among which color Mainly.
Rhythm is an organized and rhythmic change, mainly in form and color. Western flower arrangements (especially large pile-type flower arrangements) must have a number of main flowers (focus flowers) in shape and color, and then match 2 and 3 flowers (line flowers) and ingredients (applique). The system is well-distributed and well-defined one by one, reflecting the rhythm of movement in static and distinct primary and secondary.
(4) Artistic conception
Western flower arrangements directly and enthusiastically express people’s emotional world. For example, carnations are used for Mother’s Day, lilies are used for Easter, red roses are used to express love, laurel branches represent victory, and olive branches represent peace. At Christmas, people like to use poinsettia as the main flower, with green pine branches, holly leaves, white carnation and red fruits, reflecting the hot and cheerful Christmas atmosphere.